STD is the abbreviated term for Sexually Transmitted Disease. It is also known by the name called venereal diseases or VD. STDs are serious, sometimes painful, and can cause a lot of damage. STD falls in the category of the infectious diseases that spread from one person to another person through physical contact. STD can affect anyone, ranging from boys to girls of all ages and people from backgrounds who are active in sexual relationships. It can happen to anybody and doesn’t matter whether the person is rich or poor.
STDs affect different parts of the body of the patient. Some STDs infect your sexual and reproductive organs of the body. Some others like HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis, etc causes general body infections. Most often you can have an STD with no occurrence of signs or symptoms of the disease. And sometimes, the symptoms go away on their own without even letting the patient know about the disease. Either way, you still have the STD until you are treated and cured. A few STD are there which cannot be cured. But most STD can be cured if you get treated.
How does STDs Spread?
STDs spread during sexual activity through vaginal, anal and oral sex. Some STD’s like HIV and hepatitis B are also spread by contact with infected blood or infected syringe. Most STD microbes need warm, moist areas to survive. That’s the reason why they infect the mouth, rectum and sex organs like vagina, vulva, penis and testes mostly.
One of the most common reason and myths about STD spread, which most people think, is that they need to have sexual contact to become infected. Now that’s a wrong notion.
Some STDs like herpes or genital warts can infect a person through skin-to-skin contact with an infected area or sore.
Another myth about STDs is that you can’t get them if you have oral or anal sex. That’s also totally wrong since the viruses or bacteria which cause STDs can enter the body through petite cuts or tears in the mouth and anus, as well as the genitalia.
One of the reasons for the easily spread of STDs is that nobody can tell whether they have an infection or not until they undergo a test and diagnosis after the occurrence of the symptoms. In fact, most people with STD infection don’t even know that they are infected. These people are at risk of communicating an infection on to their sex partners without even realizing it.
It is very unfortunate that STD has become very common among the teens. As teen are at greater risk of being infected with some STDs, it is quite necessary to know what must be done to protect yourself.
STDs nowadays are no more just an embarrassment. It has become a serious health problem now. Some of the STDs can incur dangerous and permanent damage to the patient if they are left untreated. Damage can range from infertility (the inability to conceive) to impotency and in some cases even death for instance HIV/AIDS.
So one must be careful about the various kinds of STDs and its better to prevent them, rather to have them and cure it.