Gonorrhea: Syndromes in Women

GONORRHEA SYMPTOMS AMONG FEMALES

 Women suffering from gonorrhea should be provided medical attention at the earliest. Else, the patient is at risk of developing serious complications.

Here we list a few of the symptoms common among gonorrheal females:

  • The infected person may experience pain during urination ;
  • She may also experience a burning sensation while urinating;
  • The patient may also have increased vaginal discharge;
  • There may be bleeding from vagina between periods.

 THROAT & RECTAL INFECTIONS POINT TO STI/STD

 The habitat of the bacterium — Neisseria gonorrhoeae — responsible for causing gonorrhea should be basically moist. Hence, the throat and the rectum are also such viable regions, besides others, within the human body. So, a sexually active person needs to be quite alert to his/her throat and rectal infections. Prolonged throat and rectal infections call for immediate medical advice.

Moreover, the indications of such infections (STIs) are not usually acute ones. For instance, rectal infection from the bacterium may lead to just sore throat and no other infection. Similarly, rectal infection generally does not show any symptoms at all. Nevertheless, the symptoms of rectal infection in both the sexes may be as follows:

  • Pain during bowel movements;
  • Soreness;
  • Anal itching;
  • Discharges from anus.

 GONORRHEAL DUAL SYMPTOMS

 Researchers have identified the dual gonorrheal symptoms. Mentionably, these two symptoms also apply to any sexually transmitted disease (STD).

The first is that by the time the patient becomes aware of the STD, the infections – commonly termed STIs (sexually transmitted infections) – already take deep roots within the patient’s body. At times, the STIs also start spreading. In other words, the symptoms of gonorrheal infections reveal only after the lapse of two weeks of time since the moment of infection.

Moreover in many cases, the STIs do not demonstrate any symptom at all.

What is more, the symptoms resemble many of the common diseases like cold or flu. In such cases, these symptoms are misinterpreted and the wrong medication is taken by the patient if he/she does not consult any medical practitioner.

It is for this matter that the patient should always remain alert to the symptoms of the STIs. If any sexually active or a heterosexual person suffers from the signs resembling the common ailments, it is always advisable for the person to seek immediate medical advice.

This strategy is all the more important to check the infections from spreading or taking deeper roots. This is possible when the STIs are diagnosed at the initial stages and the patient does the needful medical tests as recommended by the physician and regularly takes the medicines.

The second is that STDs is only the last and final stage of the STIs.

Hence the patient should get himself/herself medically tested as soon as the symptoms appear.

Gonorrhea: Males More Prone than Women

Gonorrhea is a form of STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease). It is also known as the clap. Though it is called as a sexually transmitted disease, sex is not the main or the only factor responsible for the spread of gonorrhea. Then how does gonorrhea spread?

 HOW GONORRHEA SPREADS?

 Gonorrhea, however, does spread when people resort to typical sexual acts. For instance, the gays usually resort to anal sex. The anus as many other moist parts of the human body are habitats of the bacterium — Neisseria gonorrhoeae — that causes gonorrhea. The other parts are the mouth, throat, and even the mouth and eyes among others.

The bacterium gets transferred from an infected person to another through the mixture of the body fluids present in the aforementioned portions of the body. The sexual partners should therefore practice safe sex. The condom is the best means to obviate all possibilities of not contracting any STIs or STDs.

 MALES MORE VULNERABLE TO GONORRHEA THAN WOMEN

  Contrary to popular belief that gonorrhea is typical ailment affecting the females, studies and researches have proved that males are more vulnerable to gonorrhea than females.

 TYPICAL GONORRHEAL SYMPTOMS

The typical symptoms or signs of gonorrhea vary among males and females.

Notably, the characteristic signs of gonorrheal infection are more prominent among the males than the females.

In the latter case, the gonorrheal symptoms are not only milder but also very secretive. In fact, the symptoms may not be evident at all. In such situations, the patient will not even know that she has contracted the infection or the disease.

It has dangerous implications. If she keeps on having heterosexual contacts, she would be infecting other partners as well. Each of the newly infected persons will similarly pass on the infection (STI) or the disease (STD) to other people. Thus, STIs and STDs are fast spreading across the globe.

And in many cases, the symptoms reveal themselves only after the STIs have already taken deep roots. Medications at that stage can only arrest the spread of the infection. Any damage that has already been caused to the patient’s body, however, cannot be cured.

Moreover, most of the gonorrheal symptoms are misinterpreted as pointing to only the common ailments like cold or flu.

Besides, the typically gonorrheal signs or symptoms are comparatively milder among women than men. The women affected by gonorrhea, in most of the cases, do not at all demonstrate any symptom of the ailment. That is why the problem gets compounded.

In the first place, the patient comes to know that she is suffering from gonorrhea at a very advanced stage when it becomes quite difficult to check its growth.

Second, just because neither she nor her sexual partner knows about the reality, she passes on the ailment to her sexual partner(s).

Many a time, the gonorrhea symptoms are also mistaken to be a vaginal or bladder infection.

Gonorrhea: Know the dual Syndromes

To tackle the STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) and the STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases), we have to remain aware of the ‘Dual Symptoms’ that pertain to the symptoms of both the STIs as well as the STDs.   So, let’s check them out!

 STD DUAL SYMPTOMS

 The two important characteristics about the symptoms of gonorrhea, or for that matter any STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) are as follows: The STDs initially take the form of STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections). So, one should always remain alert to the signs of the STIs.

In other words, the STIs — if left unattended – would ultimately lead to STDs. An STD is the final stage of any STI taking deep roots.

Secondly, the patient remains totally unaware of these symptoms.

 STD DUAL SYMPTOMS

 There are again two significant aspects about the nature of the STI symptoms. First, the tell-tale signals become evident quite late. In some cases, the symptoms appear after a week. In other instances, the STI symptoms are seen after two weeks, i.e., 14- 20 days.

Secondly, the symptoms resemble the signs of the common diseases. It may be a sore throat, or itch in the throat. One can misinterpret it to be a sign of common cold. The patient then gulps down the medications used for sore throat available across the counter. But the purpose is not served.

What is more, the STI starts spreading. Besides, the viruses, bacteria, protozoa or the agents causing the STI develop immunity against the medications. Moreover, precisely because the throat sore or itch has been caused by those agents, the ailment does not subside (leave alone cured).

 IF THE SYMPTOMS PERSIST, SEEK PHYSICIAN’S ADVICE

That means once such symptoms linger, immediately consult the physician.

But then there are two problem areas here too. Many patients are quite reserved or reticent about their antecedents that may have caused the obstinate STIs. As a result, the doctors fail to diagnose the STI accurately. Secondly, such people do not alert their sexual partners as well. They continue to have the physically intimate ties. The fallout is that the partners also fall prey to the STIs. If the partners are also of a similar nature they too fail to open up to their doctors. In the long run, the STIs have adequate gestation period to transform into STDs.

Gonorrhea: Can the Ailment be cured?

Advanced medical researches have evolved techniques to cure gonorrhea – this is true for adults and adolescents too.

But there is a cue there. The bacterium responsible for causing gonorrhea — Neisseria gonorrhoeae – has also developed strains that resist the prevalent drugs. The problem is compounded by the fact that this has become a world-wide phenomenon, including the USA.  Hence treatment of the ailment is turning out to be a challenge for the medical detectives and researchers.

Physicians are particular about patients suffering from gonorrhea are treated for other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

This is primarily because medical studies and researches   have found that most of the gonorrheal patients also suffer from chlamydia – another version of STD. Therefore, patients suffering from either gonorrhea or chlamydia are given antibiotics for both the sexually transmitted diseases.

The patients should complete the entire medication prescribed by the doctor for one reason. Moreover, if the symptoms continue even after taking the medications, one must have oneself reevaluated.

NOTE: Medicines halt the infection and check it from spreading, but the medications cannot cure the damages already done by gonorrhea.  There are copious instances of people treated again contracting the ailment after having sexual contact with gonorrheal patients.

 MEANS TO PREVENT GONORRHEA

 There are three guaranteed ways to NOT CONTRACT gonorrhea or any of the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

One, total abstention from sexual intercourse: impossible, right? ;

Two, commit to only monogamous relationship with a sexual partner who is uninfected and which has been tested;

Three, the males can use latex condoms correctly and consistently.  This practice is the surest means of avoiding transmission of all STDs.

 OTHER WAYS TO NOT HAVE GONORRHEA

Here are the other mandatory road signs:

  • Be alert to the following danger genital signals. If any of them is evident, then immediately halt lovemaking, and rush to your physician.
  • The genital signs pointing towards gonorrhea are unusual rash or sore on or around the sexual organ; sense of burning or pain during urination.
  • It is always important to make your sexual partners aware of any of the above symptoms;
  • They should also be asked to seek medical advice.

These precautionary measures ensure that the other sexual partners do not suffer

Any genital symptoms such as discharge or burning during urination or unusual sore or rash should be a signal to stop having sex and to see a doctor immediately.

If a person has been diagnosed and treated for gonorrhea, he or she should notify all recent sex partners so they can see a health care provider and be treated. This will reduce the risk that the sex partners will develop serious complications from gonorrhea and will also reduce the person’s risk of becoming re-infected. The person and all of his or her sex partners must avoid sex until they have completed their treatment for gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea: How to NOT CONTRACT  the Ailment

Medical studies and researches have found that most of the gonorrheal patients also suffer from chlamydia – another version of STD. Therefore, patients suffering from either gonorrhea or chlamydia are given antibiotics for both the sexually transmitted diseases.

The patients should complete the entire medication prescribed by the doctor for one reason. Moreover, if the symptoms continue even after taking the medications, one must have oneself reevaluated.

NOTE: Medicines halt the infection and check it from spreading, but the medications cannot cure the damages already done by gonorrhea.  There are copious instances of people treated again contracting the ailment after having sexual contact with gonorrheal patients.

MEANS TO PREVENT GONORRHEA

There are three guaranteed ways to NOT CONTRACT gonorrhea or any of the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

One, total abstention from sexual intercourse: impossible, right? ;

Two, commit to only monogamous relationship with a sexual partner who is uninfected and which has been tested;

Three, the males can use latex condoms correctly and consistently.  This practice is the surest means of avoiding transmission of all STDs.

OTHER WAYS TO NOT HAVE GONORRHEA

Here are the other mandatory road signs:

  • Be alert to the following danger genital signals. If any of them is evident, then immediately halt lovemaking, and rush to your physician.
  • The genital signs pointing towards gonorrhea are unusual rash or sore on or around the sexual organ; sense of burning or pain during urination.
  • It is always important to make your sexual partners aware of any of the above symptoms;
  • They should also be asked to seek medical advice.

These precautionary measures ensure that the other sexual partners do not suffer from gonorrhea.

BEWARE OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS

Any genital symptoms such as discharge or burning during urination or unusual sore or rash should be a signal to stop having sex and to see a doctor immediately.

If a person has been diagnosed and treated for gonorrhea, he or she should notify all recent sex partners so they can see a health care provider and be treated. This will reduce the risk that the sex partners will develop serious complications from gonorrhea and will also reduce the person’s risk of becoming re-infected.

The person and all of his or her sex partners must avoid sex until they have completed their treatment for gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea: Recurrent Infection is Dangerous

Across the world, the number of people falling prey to STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) has been steadily increasing. Although America has succeeded in stabilizing the number, still new cases still keep pouring in. That means, the ailment has not been brought under control.

Medications have failed to deliver the results primarily because a treated person is again infected by the STD the moment one has sexual or intimate contacts with another suffering from the disease.

What is more, when a particular or any of the STDs strike a second time, the agents causing the disease develop immunity against the medications. Therefore, the ailment returns with a vengeance.

STD COMMENCES AS INFECTION (STI)

The most important point to note is that any STD first reveals as infection. It manifests as a symptom. This sign on the body of the affected person is referred to as STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections).

But a patient comes to know of the STIs only after a week or even three weeks following the infection. By that time, the STI takes deep roots. What is more, many a time, the infection remains veiled. Again, often the symptoms are misinterpreted to be those of other common normal diseases simply because the symptoms are similar.

REMEDIAL STEPS: VIGILANCE IS THE KEYWORD

Hence, a sexually active person or a person resorting to heterosexual relationships or uncommon sexual practices must have regular medical checkups. This acts as a deterrent and also a precaution.

If the disease is detected at the initial stages, most of the STIs can be effectively checked. But, it becomes tough to not only check (leave alone curing) once the STI settles down within the body. It spreads to other parts of the body rather fast.

Besides, an affected person must stay away from sexual activities. After detection, he/she should announce the fact to his sexual partners. These partners must immediately take the precautionary measures and consult the physician for detection, and if necessary remedial steps.

CAN GONORRHEA BE CURED?

Advanced medical researches have evolved techniques to cure gonorrhea – this is true for adults and adolescents too.

But there is a cue there. The bacterium responsible for causing gonorrhea — Neisseria gonorrhoeae — has also developed strains that resist the prevalent drugs. The problem is compounded by the fact that this has become a world-wide phenomenon, including the USA.  Hence treatment of the ailment is turning out to be a challenge for the medical detectives and researchers.

Physicians are particular about patients suffering from gonorrhea are treated for other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

How is Gonorrhea treated?

Gonorrhea also termed as “the clap,” is a widespread sexually transmitted disease (STD) occurring at the rate of about 6 million new cases per year in the US alone. It is the leading cause for several diseases in women and if gonorrhea is left untreated it may later lead to infertility. Diseases such as Pelvic inflammatory disease, scarring of the fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancy, and endometriosis may happen due to gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea is caused by a specific bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea rapidly spreads by contact of infected area of the body. Both men and women are at risk of getting gonorrhea. As gonorrhea sometimes show no symptoms at all, a pregnant woman may infect her baby as it passes through the birth canal. Gonorrhea can cause serious complications to the newborn baby.

As soon as a person notices the symptoms of gonorrhea, a diagnosis test must be done for the diagnosis of the disease. If a person is diagnosed with gonorrhea he or she must undergo a treatment as soon as possible to get rid of the infection. If you think you’re infected or you have had a partner who may have been infected with gonorrhea, you must go and consult your doctor or gynecologist. The doctor will then conduct the diagnosis test. The doctor performs the diagnosis test taking a sample by swabbing the vagina or penis for discharge. The sample will then be analyzed at the laboratory.

If a person is diagnosed with gonorrhea infection, the doctor prescribes antibiotics for treating the infection. Anybody with whom the patient had had sex in the last 2 months, or last sexual partner if it has been more than 2 months since the patients last sexual experience, should also be tested and treated for gonorrhea immediately. A quick treatment will diminish the possibility of complications for a person who is a sexual partner and has gonorrhea. This lowers the chance of a person being reinfected if someone has sex with that partner again. Treating gonorrhea doesn’t make you immune to the disease; you can still be reinfected with the disease.

Several antibiotics have successfully cured gonorrhea in adolescents and adults. Though, drug-resistant variants of gonorrhea are growing in many regions of the world, including the United States. Thus successful treatment of gonorrhea is becoming more complex day by day. Since many people with gonorrhea also have other STDs, antibiotics for other sexually transmitted infections are generally given together. Individuals suffering from gonorrhea should be tested and treated for other STDs.

How can Gonorrhea be diagnosed?

In common, the symptoms of gonorrhea will take near about 2 to 10 days to become visible- even though visible signs can take as long as 30 days to appear. Generally the cervix is the first area in women which becomes noticeably infected. As soon as a person notices the symptoms of gonorrhea he or she should undergo the tests for the diagnosis of gonorrhea.

Diagnosis of gonorrhea is done in laboratory after doing some tests. Several laboratory tests are available for the diagnosis of gonorrhea. A doctor or nurse can obtain a sample from the infected part of the body for testing. These parts may include cervix, urethra, rectum, or throat. Then the sample is send to the laboratory for analysis. Gonorrhea can also be diagnosed by urine testing in a laboratory if it is present in the cervix or urethra. A Gram stain is a quick laboratory test done for the diagnosis of gonorrhea in some clinics or doctor’s offices. A doctor examines the gram stain of a sample from a urethra or a cervix under a microscope to see if the gonorrhea bacterium is present or not. A Gram stain test works better for men than for women.

Though there are several laboratory tests available for gonorrhea, Healthcare providers test for gonorrhea in one of these two ways:

  • Swab Test: A swab is taken from the urethra of a man, cervix of a woman, throat from the people who are engaged in oral sex, eye, and/or rectum from the people who have receptive anal sex. For women, the cervical swab is taken as part of a pelvic exam done with a speculum.
  • Urine Test: Some Healthcare providers also use a urine test for the diagnosis of gonorrhea.

Once a sample is collected, it is sent to a laboratory for testing. Testing may involve growing gonorrhea from the sample, looking for bacterial DNA, depending upon the sample collected and on the laboratory. The sample is also grown for using antibodies to discover whether or not the sample contains any bacteria.

Some Healthcare providers can also perform a test called a Gram stain at the time of your visit in their office. For a gram stain test a sample is collected from the urethra or cervix. The sample is stained with a special dye and examined under the microscope, which makes it easier to discover Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium responsible for gonorrhea. Though a gram stain test provides faster results than other forms of testing, it is not always accurate as the other tests. Moreover some doctors are not equipped to provide it.

What are the Symptoms of gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and is caused by a bacterial infection by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This bacterium thrives in warm, moist areas of the genitals. Gonorrhea is generally spread by having any kind of sexual contact (oral, vaginal or anal) with another person. The microbes are found in the vagina, penis, throat, and rectum (mucous areas).

An infected person began to show symptoms of the disease after a few days or few weeks of exposure from the virus. The symptoms of gonorrhea in the girls are different than the boys and vice versa.

A girl infected with gonorrhea may show no symptoms at all or the symptoms may be so mild that they go unnoticed most of the time until they become more severe. A girl may experience a burning sensation while urinating or in some cases they will have a yellow-green vaginal discharge. Girls may also have vaginal bleeding during menstrual periods. The infection may become more widespread and can move into the uterus or fallopian tubes. In such cases a girl may suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can cause abdominal pain, fever, and pain during carnal knowledge, as well as the symptoms given above may occur.

Guys infected with gonorrhea infection are much more likely to notice symptoms. But it may also happen that a might be suffering from a gonorrhea infection and have no symptoms at all. However, some men have signs or symptoms that take 2 to 5 days to appear after infection; symptoms can take as long as 30 days to appear. The infected person may not even know about his infection until the symptoms are visible. Guys often feel a burning sensation while urinating and yellowish-white discharge may transude from the urethra (at the tip of the penis). Gonorrhea can spread to the epididymis (the structure close to the testicle that helps in transporting sperm), causing pain and inflammation in the testicular region. This may result in scar tissue which might make a guy infertile.

Symptoms such as discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements may occur in both men and women if they are infected with rectal infection. Rectal infection may also cause no symptoms. A sore throat may occur in case the throat is infected but generally causes no symptoms. The symptoms generally appear two to seven days after a person has been exposed to gonorrhea, and in case girls they may appear even later.

Gonorrhea the clap caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Previously known as “the clap,” Gonorrhea is one of notorious sexually transmitted disease (STD). Gonorrhea (pronounced: gah-nuh-ree-uh) is caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae also known as gonococcus, or gonococci. The bacteria can grow and reproduce easily in the temperate, moist region of the genital area, including the cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (urine canal) in both men and women. The bacterium also grows in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus. The bacterium is transmitted from one person to another by means of vaginal, oral, or anal sex. The infected person may not show any symptoms. Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhea to be transmitted or acquired. A Newborn baby may also get gonorrhea infection from the mother during delivery. Gonorrhea is not spread from a towel, a doorknob, or a toilet seat.

Gonorrhea is a very widespread communicable disease. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates, more than 7 million people in the U.S. get fresh gonorrheal infections every year. Only about 1/2 of these infections are reported to CDC. In 2006, CDC was reported 358,366 cases of gonorrhea. The national gonorrhea rate declined during the period from 1975 to 1997. This became possible because of the implementation of the national gonorrhea control program in the mid-1970s. However, the national gonorrhea rate has increased for the second consecutive year, even after several years of stable gonorrhea rates. Out of per 100,000 persons, 120.9 persons were reported to be infected with gonorrhea in the year 2006.

Anyone who is sexually active has a risk of getting gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is often found in young people between the ages of 15 to 30 who have had multiple sex partners. About 75% of reported cases of gonorrhea are attributed to the young people between the ages of 15 and 30. Particularly, women between the ages of 15 and 19 and men between the ages of 20 and 24 are at great risk of getting infected with gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is reported most often in the urban areas than in rural areas.

Though gonorrhea can be detected by its symptoms, one can be sure about the infection only after the diagnosis. If diagnosed with gonorrhea, the patient and the sex partners he or she have had must be treated for the disease. If it is left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both women and men.